Causes of Neurological Disorders


A Neurological Disorder refers to any abnormality in the functioning of the nervous system, including the autonomic, central nervous system, and autonomic nervous system. Neurological Disorders can surface for many reasons, including chemical and electrical imbalances due to external or internal causes. Neurological Disorders can also occur due to external factors such as physical damage—reasons such as extreme shock induced by an injury that is also called trauma-related Neurological Disorders. Such forms of Neurological Disorder due to structural damage can surface due to physical trauma to other parts of the body wherein the impact can spread across to the nerves, spinal cord, or the spinal column.

Understanding Neurological Disorders Causes

It should be noted that though the brain and spinal cord are insulated via several durable body membranes and bony structures formed by the skull and spinal vertebrae, they are pretty vulnerable when subjected to extreme pressure or force. Similarly, the brain is chemically insulated via the blood-brain barrier, but this barrier can be easily overcome if severe disease or a physical injury occurs. This pattern of the vulnerability of the nervous system continues into the Peripheral Nerves that are pretty deep under the skin but are somewhat prone to damage. Neurological Disorders can affect either a single neuron, a group of neurons, or an entire network, i.e., a neurological pathway. With neurons functioning in a highly coordinated manner, the slightest disturbances in neurons’ structural or electrochemical ways can result in a Neurological Disorder.

Exploring Different Types of Neurological Disorders Causes

Causes of Neurological Disorders can be either:

  • Genetic
  • Congenital
  • Infections
  • Lifestyle-related
  • Environmental
  • Nutrition-related
  • Physical injuries

Understanding Neurological Disorders with Examples:

Cerebral Palsy

This is the best example of neurological disorders that are found in a particular age group. This kind of palsy is found among children and is due to a specific type of brain injury. Some health experts say that most cases of cerebral palsy result from a congenital disability, but this condition can also surface after birth. At one point, Cerebral Palsy was looked upon as a Non-Progressive condition. This meant that the severity of its symptoms was least likely to progress with time. Now, cerebral palsy is regarded as a severe Neurological Disorder that can further lead to other kinds of neurological conditions and can increase in severity.

Sleep Disorders

This is the best example of a seemingly innocent condition that can lead to severe neurological disease. The sleep disorder is also called Somnipathy, and it surfaces in the form of disturbed or abnormal sleep patterns. When this condition continues over an extended period or becomes chronic, it begins to interfere with the normal psychological and, thus, neural functioning of the individual, leading to various kinds of Neurological Disorders. This can typically lead to problems like teeth grinding, night terrors, or even hypersomnia.

Multiple Sclerosis

This condition is commonly referred to as MS and is quoted among the established examples of a chronic health condition that leads to Neurological Disorders. This is an inflammatory disease wherein the myelin sheath surrounding the brain’s axons or the spinal cord is structurally damaged due to genetic reasons. This leads to a typical condition that causes large-scale scarring in the nervous system’s tissues. MS affects communication among the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord, disrupting their electrical signals.