There is no cure for multiple sclerosis. Treatment typically focuses on speeding recovery from attacks, slowing the progression of the disease and managing MS symptoms. Some people have such mild symptoms that no treatment is necessary.

Treatments for MS attacks

Treatments to Modify Progression

No therapies have shown benefit for slowing the progression of primary-progressive MS.

For relapsing-remitting MS, several disease-modifying therapies are available.

Much of the immune response associated with MS occurs in the early stages of the disease. Aggressive treatment with these medications as early as possible can lower the relapse rate and slow the formation of new lesions.

Many of the disease-modifying therapies used to treat MS carry significant health risks. Selecting the right therapy for you will depend on careful consideration of many factors, including duration and severity of disease, effectiveness of previous MS treatments, other health issues, cost, and child-bearing status.

Treatment options for relapsing-remitting MS include:

Treatments for MS signs and symptoms

Physical therapy session

Alternative medicine

  1. Disease-modifying therapy: Medications that can slow down the progression of multiple sclerosis, such as interferons, glatiramer acetate, and natalizumab.
  2. Symptomatic treatment: Medications that relieve specific symptoms such as muscle spasms, pain, and bladder problems.
  3. Physical therapy: Physical therapy and exercises can help improve mobility, balance, and coordination.
  4. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help people with MS perform daily activities and live independently.
  5. Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help people with MS who have speech or swallowing problems.
  6. Counseling and support: Counseling and support groups can help people with MS cope with the emotional and psychological impact of the disease.
  7. Complementary therapies: Some people with MS find complementary therapies such as acupuncture, massage therapy, and yoga helpful in managing symptoms.

It is important to work with a healthcare provider to create a treatment plan that is personalized to your needs and circumstances.

The guidelines also do not recommend the use of herbal supplements such as Ginkgo biloba and bee venom or magnetic therapy for MS symptoms.


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